The framework creates the possibility of joining cooperation agreements with a duration of 2 to 4 years, which define specific areas of cooperation and principles for financing activities. In 2010, Australian and Indian ministers signed a joint declaration reaffirming their commitment to strengthen cooperation in education, training and research. In addition to network cooperation, Austrian educational institutions also cooperate closely with European and international organisations. Estonian experts actively participate in the work of various Committees, Subcommittees and Working Groups of the Council of Europe; Dominant trends and decisions also influence local education, language and youth policies. For Estonia, the European language portfolio has been an important initiative. The Council of Europe attaches particular importance to intercultural education and the mutual recognition of qualifications promoting mobility and employability, as well as to lifelong learning with a view to active participation in the international community. The Council of Europe has proclaimed 26 September as the European Day of Languages. The European Centre for Modern Languages (ECML) in Graz serves as a forum for teachers, textbook authors and curriculum designers. It focuses on the implementation and innovation of language policy and has set itself the mission of disseminating effective practices in the teaching and acquisition of modern languages. The National School Reform Agreement was agreed by the Commonwealth and all states and territories. The national school reform agreement is supported by bilateral agreements, which are available on the website of the Ministry of Education and Training. The Archimedes Foundation provides and coordinates the scholarships and exchanges of the external agreement as well as several unilateral scholarships. The international group also facilitates discussions at the ministerial and governmental levels with a view to establishing high-level relations with countries, particularly in the Asia-Pacific region.
Formal agreements, such as Memoranda of Understanding (MoUs), are an important part of these relationships. The international group is carrying out an ongoing follow-up and review of these agreements. Estonia became a member of the ASIA-Europe Meeting (ASEM) upon accession to the European Union in 2004. In the field of academic cooperation and education, the aim is to facilitate and develop the relevant working groups, networks and institutions. Estonia focuses mainly on quality assurance and recognition of qualifications in higher education. Estonian experts participate in the relevant working groups. GRALE 4 (2019) focuses on participation in adult learning, measurement instruments and related indicators. The benefits of bilateral policies lie in the high intensity and very specific results that cooperation between two partner countries can bring. These are then integrated into the regional and multilateral context. Countries and regions with which Austria has concluded cooperation agreements in the field of education through the BMBWF include Israel, the Russian Federation and the countries of South-Eastern Europe.
Australia is approaching bilateral and multilateral agreements from the perspective of an exporter of academic services with a growing number of trade agreements – partnership agreements with local private providers, Australian university campuses in Malaysia and Fiji – in the university systems of countries in the region. . . .