The licensing rate applied in a given case is determined by various factors, including the most notable: in 1995, Congress introduced the Digital Performance Right in Sound Recordings Act (DPRA), which came into effect on February 1, 1996. This law granted owners of sound recordings the exclusive license to publicly present the copyrighted work through digital audio transmissions, but exempted unabossed services (and certain other services). If the rights holder did not reach a voluntary agreement with the channel, he was able to benefit from a compulsory license. Under the law, the mandatory royalty (which follows the royalty plan) should be distributed as follows: 50% to record companies, 45% to featured artists, 2 1/2% to musicians not presented by the American Association of Musicians (AFM) in the United States and Canada and 2 1/2% to singers not presented by the American Federation of Television and Radio Artists (AFTRA).  The U.S. Congress has also created a new compulsory license for certain digital audio services that broadcast audio recordings via cable and direct-to-home (DBS) satellite on a non-interactive basis in the absence of voluntary negotiations and agreements. The methods of calculating royalties changed in the 1980s due to the rise of booksellers, who demanded increasing discounts from publishers. Instead of paying royalties based on a percentage of a book`s cover price, publishers preferred to pay royalties based on their net income. According to The Writers` and Artists` Yearbook of 1984, under the new regime, “appropriate adaptations [upwards] of the royalty are made and the arrangement is not detrimental to the author.
 For this reason, it decides to enter into an agreement with HeadSoundz, a manufacturer specializing in the manufacture and sale of audio equipment. To do this, PhoneMe must license its trademark, trade name and brand rights to HeadSoundz in order for HeadSoundz to use PhoneMe`s distinctive brand on headphones, packaging and marketing. Both parties enter into a license agreement. Both sign a licensing agreement that confirms that HeadSoundz PhoneMe will pay a quarterly royalty of 5% of net sales in exchange for the use of PhoneMe`s brand, trade name and brand for a period of 3 years. The federal Frontier Lands Petroleum Royalty Regulations are an example of Canada`s Northern Territories. The royalty starts at 1% of the gross receipts of the first 18 months of commercial production and increases by 1% every eighteen months to a maximum of 5%, until the initial costs are recovered, with the royalty set at 5% of gross receipts or 30% of net revenues. Risks and benefits are thus shared between the Canadian government (as the owner of resources) and the oil developer. This attractive royalty is intended to encourage oil and gas exploration in Canada`s remote border regions, where costs and risks are higher than at other sites.
 It is reasonable for the publisher to pay the author on the basis of what he receives, but he does not make it a good deal for the author. Example: 10,000 copies of a book worth $20, with a 10% royalty for the cover price, earn him $20,000 $US. The same number sold, but reduced to 55 per cent, will bring in $90,000 to the publisher; The author`s 10 percent earns him $9,000. This is one of the reasons why publishers prefer “net income” contracts. Among the many other advantages (for the publisher) of such contracts, there is the fact that they allow what is called a “Sheet Deal”. The (multinational) publishing house of the same print run of 10,000 copies can significantly reduce its printing costs by “executing” an additional 10,000 copies (i.e. t.b. but does not commit it) and then reselling these “sheets” at cost price, or even choosing it to foreign subsidiaries or branches. so pay the author 10 percent of the “net income” of this agreement.
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